Project Hope 希望工程

Despite past reports of embezzlement of donations, Project Hope is unarguably one of the most influential non-government social projects in China and it is still helping millions of children living in the mountain areas to receive fundamental education.

 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Project Hope (希望工程) is a Chinese public service project organized by the China Youth Development Foundation (CYDF) and the Communist Youth League (CYL) Central Committee. [1] Started on October 30, 1989, it aims to bring schools into poverty-stricken rural areas of China, to help children whose families are too poor to afford it to complete elementary school education. Through Project Hope, the CYDF has also sought to improve educational facilities and improve teaching quality in poorer regions.

Achievements

By the end of 2004, Project Hope has

  • raised over 5.6 billion Renminbi in funds.
  • financed education of more than 3,400,000 poor rural students
  • built 15940 “Hope Primary Schools” (希望小学), which consists of 2.5% of all the rural primary schools.
  • established “Project Hope Scholarship”(希望之星奖学金), providing financial assistance to about 130,000 secondary and tertiary students.
  • funded over 14,000 primary schools in rural areas to build libraries
  • built over 150 distance learning centers to help students living in remote areas.

Some 80 percent of the Hope Project primary schools and students aided by the project are located in China’s middle and western regions, which are less developed. (Liu, 2004)

Influences

According to a report by National Research Center for Science and Technology for Development (Xu, 1999), 93.9 percent of residents in 29 provincial capital cities aged above 16 have heard of Project Hope, and 63.5 percent have contributed to it in various ways. The report drew the conclusion that Project Hope has become the largest and most influential non-governmental welfare project in China.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Hope

Communist Youth League of China 共青团

In order to connect to Hope Schools in the mountain areas, the Communist Youth League of China is always the best linkage.  Let's learn more about the CYLC or CCYL.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Communist Youth League of China, also known as the Young Communist League of China or simply the Communist Youth League, is a youth movement of the People’s Republic of China for youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-eight, run by the Communist Party of China (CPC). The league is organized on the party pattern. Its leader is its First Secretary, who is also a member of the CPC Central Committee . The current First Secretary is Qin Yizhi. The Communist Youth League is responsible also for guiding the activities of the Young Pioneers (for children below the age of fourteen).

History

Founded in May 1920, it was originally named as the Socialist Youth League of China. Whilst the Party was officially established in July 1921, the Chinese Socialist Youth League was organized with the Party being set up throughout the country. In May 1922, the 1st National Congress (simplified Chinese: 全国代表大会; traditional Chinese: 全國代表大會; pinyin: Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì) of the League was held under the leadership of the Party, and therefore became a unified organization in China. In the 3rd National Congress in January 1925, the Chinese Socialist Youth League was renamed as the Chinese Communist Youth League. After the Sino-Japanese War, in order to adapt to the new social and political situation, it was officially renamed as the Chinese New Democracy Youth League in April 1949.

Later in May 1957, its name as the Chinese Communist Youth League was resumed, historically combining the congresses of all three leagues (the Chinese Socialist Youth League, the Chinese Communist Youth League as well as the Chinese New Democracy Youth League). During the 10 years of the Cultural Revolution, the functioning of the League was blocked and the Central Committee was disbanded as it was accused of revisionism; its functions were partly resumed in the early 1970s. From 1978 to 2008, six congresses were held.

The Communist Youth League has contributed a number of top echelon leaders of the Communist Party-led government of the People’s Republic of China. The proliferation of leaders with a Youth League background has led to the informal name “Youth League faction” being used to describe certain members of the leadership at different times. The first “Youth League faction” was represented by Hu Yaobang (party chairman 1981-1982, party general secretary 1982-1987 following the abolition of the chairman position). The second “Youth League faction” is represented by Hu Jintao (General secretary since 2002, President since 2003). While there is no direct political lineage between the two Hus, Hu Jintao’s administration has formally elevated the memory of the earlier Hu. In 2005, the 90th anniversary of Hu Yaobang’s birth, a new museum and a series of commemorative books and television programs were launched. The scandalous death of the son of Ling Jihua and Gu Liping, a couple associated with the Communist Youth League, may have tarnished the reputation of the organization as a path to power.

Structure

The national leading organization is the National Congress and the Central Committee, elected by the congresses. The National Congress are held each 5 years, but can be held earlier or later under special circumstances. In between congresses, the Central Committee implements the decisions made in the National Congress and leads the League as a whole; the Central Committee usually meets in plenary session once a year. In addition to the Central Committee, there are General Affairs Committees which oversee the daily affairs of the League and lead the fundamental organizations in 31 provincial level administrative areas of the country. “CPC and is considered to be the CPC’s assistant and backup”.

By the end of 2002, there were approximately 210,000 committee members of fundamental organizations. 2007 estimates put the number of Youth League members at 73 million. Central Committee reported at the end of 2006, students accounted for 49.9% of the league.

Under the leadership of Communist Party General Secretary Hu Jintao, who was also a leading figure in the Youth League, key government positions at both central and provincial levels are more likely to be filled by the League’s members and former cadres, known as tuanpai.

CYLCs’ official newspaper is the China Youth Daily.

Popular Culture

In EA’s game series Command and Conquer Generals, the flag of the Youth League is used as an icon for the Nationalism upgrade.

List of First Secretaries

Yu Xiusong (俞秀松): 1920–1922
Shi Cuntong (施存统): 1922–1925
Zhang Tailei (张太雷): 1925–1927
Ren Bishi (任弼时): 1927–1928
Guan Xiangying (关向应): 1928–1946
Feng Wenbin (馮文彬): 1949–1953
Hu Yaobang (胡耀邦): 1953–1978
Han Ying (韩英): 1978–1982
Wang Zhaoguo (王兆国): 1982–1984
Hu Jintao (胡锦涛): 1984–1985
Song Defu (宋德福): 1985–1993
Li Keqiang (李克强): 1993–1998
Zhou Qiang (周强): 1998–2006
Hu Chunhua (胡春华): 2006–2008
Lu Hao (陆昊): 2008–2013
Qin Yizhi (秦宜智): 2013–Incumbent

Chronology of National Congresses

1st National Congress (Socialist Youth League): 5–10 May 1922
2nd National Congress (Socialist Youth League): 2–25 August 1923
3rd National Congress (Socialist Youth League): 26–30 January 1925
4th National Congress: 10–16 May 1927
5th National Congress: 12–16 July 1928
6th National Congress (1st Congress, New Democratic Youth League): 11–18 April 1949
7th National Congress (2nd Congress, New Democratic Youth League): 23 June–2 July 1953
8th National Congress (3rd Congress, New Democratic Youth League): 12–25 May 1957
9th National Congress: 11–29 June 1964
10th National Congress: 16–26 October 1978
11th National Congress: 20–30 December 1982
12th National Congress: 4–8 May 1988
13th National Congress: 3–10 May 1993
14th National Congress: 19–25 June 1998
15th National Congress: 22–26 July 2003
16th National Congress: 10–13 June 2008
17th National Congress: 17–21 June 2013

Website: http://www.ccyl.org.cn

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Youth_League_of_China